Inosine-specific endoribonuclease; Endoribonuclease that specifically cleaves inosine- containing RNAs: cleaves RNA at the second phosphodiester bond 3' to inosine. Has strong preference for single-stranded RNAs (ssRNAs) toward double-stranded RNAs (dsRNAs). Cleaves mRNAs and tRNAs containing inosine. Also able to cleave structure-specific dsRNA substrates containing the specific sites 5'-IIUI-3' and 5'- UIUU-3'. Inosine is present in a number of RNAs following editing; the function of inosine-specific endoribonuclease is still unclear: it could either play a regulatory role in edited RNAs, or be involved in antiviral response by removing the hyperedited long viral dsRNA genome that has undergone A-to-I editing. Binds branched DNA structures.
Synonyms: ENDOV, A0A024R8Q2, E5RFW0, E5RGZ9, E5RHX4 ...